MISSION OF THE COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
We prepare pharmacists who improve health, serve others, lead change, and advance the profession.
To lead the nation in the preparation of practice-ready pharmacists who serve as primary care providers and team leaders.
We value our faculty, staff, students and alumni, through collaboration, community, diversity, excellence, faith, integrity, service.
THE ONU RAABE COLLEGE OF PHARMACY STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (SLO) ARE BASED ON THE ACPE EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES (ACPE PHARMACY ACCREDITATION STANDARDS 2016).
SLO 1 Foundational Knowledge – The professional program leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy degree (hereinafter “the program”) develops in the graduate the knowledge, skills, abilities, behaviors, and attitudes necessary to apply the foundational sciences to the provision of patient-centered care.
1.1. Foundational knowledge – The graduate is able to develop, integrate, and apply knowledge from the foundational sciences (i.e., biomedical, pharmaceutical, social/behavioral/administrative, and clinical sciences) to evaluate the scientific literature, explain drug action, solve therapeutic problems, and advance population health and patient-centered care.
SLO 2 Essentials for Practice and Care – The program imparts to the graduate the knowledge, skills, abilities, behaviors, and attitudes necessary to provide patient-centered care, manage medication use systems, promote health and wellness, and describe the influence of population-based care on patient-centered care.
2.1 Patient-centered care – The graduate is able to provide patient-centered care as the medication expert (collect and interpret evidence, prioritize, formulate assessments and recommendations, implement, monitor and adjust plans, and document activities).
2.2 Medication use systems management – The graduate is able to manage patient healthcare needs using human, financial, technological, and physical resources to optimize the safety and efficacy of medication use systems.
2.3 Health and wellness – The graduate is able to design prevention, intervention, and educational strategies for individuals and communities to manage chronic disease and improve health and wellness.
2.4 Population-based care – The graduate is able to describe how population-based care influences patient-centered care and the development of practice guidelines and evidence-based best practices.
SLO 3 Approach to Practice and Care -- The program imparts to the graduate the knowledge, skills, abilities, behaviors, and attitudes necessary to solve problems; educate, advocate, and collaborate, working with a broad range of people; recognize social determinants of health; and effectively communicate verbally and nonverbally.
3.1 Problem solving – The graduate is able to identify problems; explore and prioritize potential strategies; and design, implement, and evaluate a viable solution.
3.2 Education – The graduate is able to educate all audiences by determining the most effective and enduring ways to impart information and assess learning.
3.3 Patient advocacy – The graduate is able to represent the patient’s best interests.
3.4 Inter-professional collaboration – The graduate is able to actively participate and engage as a healthcare team member by demonstrating mutual respect, understanding, and values to meet patient care needs.
3.5 Cultural sensitivity – The graduate is able to recognize social determinants of health to diminish disparities and inequities in access to quality care.
3.6 Communication – The graduate is able to effectively communicate verbally and nonverbally when interacting with individuals, groups, and organizations.
SLO 4 Personal and Professional Development – The program imparts to the graduate the knowledge, skills, abilities, behaviors, and attitudes necessary to demonstrate self-awareness, leadership, innovation and entrepreneurship, and professionalism.
4.1 Self-awareness – The graduate is able to examine and reflect on personal knowledge, skills, abilities, beliefs, biases, motivation, and emotions that could enhance or limit personal and professional growth.
4.2 Leadership – The graduate is able to demonstrate responsibility for creating and achieving shared goals, regardless of position.
4.3 Innovation and entrepreneurship – The graduate is able to engage in innovative activities by using creative thinking to envision better ways of accomplishing professional goals.
4.4 Professionalism – The graduate is able to exhibit behaviors and values that are consistent with the trust given to the profession by patients, other healthcare providers, and society
General Ability Based Outcomes
1. Conceptual Competence: The ONU pharmacist shall understand the foundations of the pharmacy profession and its position in health care.
2. Scientific Comprehension: The ONU pharmacist shall comprehend the scientific method and its use in scientific discoveries.
3. Mathematical Competence: The ONU pharmacist shall use mathematical variables to analyze physical, chemical, biological and socioeconomic phenomena.
4. Communication Competence: The ONU pharmacist shall appropriately inform, educate and motivate using a variety of methods and media with clarity, sensitivity, and accuracy.
5. Critical thinking and decision making abilities: The ONU pharmacist shall acquire, evaluate, synthesize and apply information, knowledge and processes relevant to the solution of an identified problem and make sound decisions.
6. Social Awareness: The ONU pharmacist shall demonstrate the ability to place health care and professional issues within appropriate historical, cultural, social, economic, scientific, political and philosophical frameworks, and demonstrate sensitivity and tolerance within a culturally diverse society.
7. Professional Conduct and Demeanor: The ONU pharmacist acts ethically and responsibly, with integrity, compassion, empathy, and respect. Our pharmacist accurately self-assesses behaviors and conduct, and seeks, accepts and applies constructive feedback.
8. Leadership, Innovation and Advocacy: The ONU pharmacist initiates or contributes to positive change on behalf of patients and the profession.
Professional Ability Based Outcomes
I. Provide patient care in cooperation with patients, prescribers and other health care providers.
A. Develop and implement population-specific, evidence-based pharmaceutical care programs
1. Develop medication use criteria
2. Conduct and analyze medication use reviews
3. Identify and use risk reduction strategies
4. Interpret epidemiologic and pharmacoeconomic data relevant to specific diseases and their management
B. Formulate, evaluate and implement appropriate patient or drug-related information that will generate a new or revised care plan
1. Take a patient health history, including medication history
2. Identify patient attitudes toward taking medications
3. Assess patient adherence
4. Identify adverse drug reactions
5. Identify barriers to health care for a patient
6. Determine accuracy of patient allergy
7. Evaluate laboratory test results and pharmacokinetic data
8. Retrieve, evaluate and apply current disease state information in the delivery of pharmaceutical care
9. Retrieve, evaluate and apply current drug information and evidence based medicine in the delivery of pharmaceutical care
10. Evaluate signs of potential indicators of drug misuse, abuse, therapeutic success or failure
C. Work with the prescribers and other health care providers to develop and implement a patient care plan
1. Communicate clearly, accurately, and knowledgeably with patients, caregivers, prescribers and other health care providers in appropriate verbal, nonverbal and written communications.
2. Triage patients to appropriate health care providers.
3. Assess the effectiveness of health communication strategy:
a. Evaluate patient and caregiver understanding of the patient care plan.
b. Appraise patient and caregiver skill in medical product use.
c. Assess patient and caregiver participation in the patient care plan.
d. Modify health communication strategy as needed.
4. Empower the patient and caregiver to be active partners in the patient care plan.
5. Provide counseling on the selection and use of non-prescription medications.
6. Monitor patient response to therapy
7. Assure safe and accurate preparation and dispensing of medications:
a. Read and interpret written prescriptions
b. Receive and transcribe verbal prescription orders
c. Recognize when a prescription falls outside the usual dose range
d. Determine whether a medication order should be filled
e. Recommend a course of action when a medication order should not or cannot be filled
f. Perform calculations required to compound, dispense, and administer medication
g. Select medications that promote safe and effective use
h. Prepare and compound extemporaneous preparations and sterile products
i. Prepare, package, and label a dosage form according to state and federal laws
8. Administer immunizations
D. Exhibit professional attitudes and behaviors
1. Establish and maintain covenantal relationships with patients
2. Promote the good of every patient in caring, compassionate, and confidential manner.
3. Respect the autonomy and dignity of each patient
4. Act with honesty and integrity in all professional matters
5. Demonstrate an ongoing commitment to maintaining professional competence
6. Respect the value and abilities of others
7. Serve individual, community and societal needs
8. Provide patient care in accordance with legal, ethical, social economic, and professional guidelines.
II. Manage and use resources of the health care system, in cooperation with patients, prescribers and other health care providers.
A. Select resources that will accurately and efficiently find drug and health information.
B. Identify relevant monographs through a well-designed literature search.
C. Document drug information provided.
D. Participate in the management and use of health care resources within health care systems.
1. Identify the key features of private and public payers of health care
a. Describe benefits provided by Medicare.
b. Describe the roles of state and federal governments in financing and administering Medicaid.
c. Describe the objectives of health insurance and managed health care programs.
d. Differentiate between insuring health and managing health care.
2. Define the role of the pharmacist in providing medication therapy management.
III. Promote health improvement, wellness, and disease prevention in cooperation with patients, prescribers and other health care providers.
A. Define and assess the health status of individuals and populations, including determinants of health and illness, factors contributing to health promotion and disease prevention, factors influencing the use of health services, and epidemiology of diseases.
B. Formulate and implement strategies to promote healthy lifestyles and programs for preventive health care and disease detection.
1. Define the role of pharmacists in addressing public health issues.
2. Anticipate and consider social, economic, and cultural issues.
3. Provide public health-related services and educational material tailored to the needs of patients, caregivers, and other health care providers.
C. Promote a healthy lifestyle, including the appropriate use of screening tools and immunizations.