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Internet Fraud Victimization

Andrew Gray, James Call and Holly Evans
Ohio Northern University

The purpose of this research is to examine the applicability of the General Theory of Crime

(Gottfredson and Hirschi, 1990) to victimization in Internet job scams involving money mules. The six basic characteristics of low self-control are used to analyze victimization. A preliminary qualitative analysis of statements made by individuals who have fallen victim to these Internet scams is reported. These results suggest that preference for simple tasks, paired with risk seeking and impulsive behaviors are potential causes of this phenomenon. Implications of the findings for the broader phenomenon of Internet fraud victimization are discussed.

North Central Sociological Association; Indianapolis, IN and The Ohio Northern University Student Research Colloquium