Influence of Fathering Styles during the Daughter’s Adolescent Years on Interpersonal Competence
The daughters’ relationship with their fathers during the adolescent years can have considerable influences on their interpersonal abilities through college and beyond. Using a mixed-method research paradigm, a combination of qualitative and quantitative procedures were applied for twenty-eight college-aged women who reported growing up with their biological fathers and who attended public/private high schools. Each participant completed the Father-Daughter Q-Sort Items (Endres, 1997) and The Factor Model Coefficients of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (Buhrmester, 1988). The former identified father types while the latter measured interpersonal competency. The data were evaluated through multivariate analyses. Statistical findings revealed significant differences in means between positive and negative father types and the daughters’ interpersonal competency in such categories as “negative assertion,” “disclosure” and “emotional support.” Twenty-six of the participants also took part in semi-structured interviews. Contents of information from the interviews were gathered to provide descriptive substantiations of the statistical findings.