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Kofi Nsia-Pepra

Associate Professor of Political Science
History, Political Science, & Geography
Hill Memorial 209
525 S. Main Street
Ada, OH 45810

Kofi Nsia-Pepra, A Ghanaian academic, is an associate professor of political science (International relations) in the department of History, Political Science and Geography. He received his Ph.D. from Wayne State University, USA and holds a master of laws degree (LLM International human rights) from Essex University, UK. He graduated from University of Cape Coast, Ghana with BA (Hons) in Social Science (Geography and sociology) and diploma in teacher certification. He has completely transformed the International Relations and Comparative Politics concentration at Ohio Northern University by creating over dozen new courses and taught over 20 different courses reflecting changing dynamics in the field. Nsia-Pepra teaches a wide variety of courses, including, international relations, international law and organizations, human rights, model United Nations, global peace, terrorism, conflict analysis and resolution, Africa political system, wars in Africa, politics of the developing world, democracies, and Middle East politics. His philosophy of teaching is to develop students’ abilities to gain knowledge, evaluate arguments and discover innovative solutions to problems. Kofi taught at Wayne State University, University of Michigan (Dearborn), Central Michigan University, Macomb Community College, Michigan and University of Bluffton, Ohio. He has also taught courses abroad at Hanyang University, South Korea and with University Studies Abroad Consortium (USAC) at the University of Ghana.

 His research interests include United Nations Robust Peacekeeping, civilian protection, human rights, accountability for crimes against humanity and war crimes, good governance and corruption in Africa, US-Africa Relation, and Africa‘s Collective Security. Kofi is a recognized authority and a leading scholar in UN robust peacekeeping. His book UN Robust Peacekeeping: Civilian Protection in Violent civil wars (Palgrave MacMillan 2014) is the first and leading work in the field.

The book introduces the pioneering game-theoretic formidable Barrier model that demonstrates the effectiveness of UN robust peacekeeping in reducing civilian killing. Additionally his research has been published in a number of academic journals and used as course reading in various universities including the much cited “Militarization of US Foreign Policy in Africa-Strategic Gain or Backlash?” (US Military Review, 2014).  He has twice been awarded the Endowed Professorship, Kerman Robson Chair for 2014-2015, 2016-2017 in recognition for distinguished and dedicated service by the Trustees, The President, Faculty and Students of Ohio Northern University. 

Professor Nsia-Pepra has given several presentations here in the United States and abroad notably the Royal Military College of Canada, Ghana Armed Forces Senior Command and Staff College and Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training center on United Nations robust peacekeeping and Africa’s critical collective security. He is a frequent contributor to media outlets having been interviewed by print, television and media in the United States and Ghana on global security and African politics.

Nsia-Pepra is not the typical academic who expounds on abstract theory.  He has extensive experience in the field of critical security. He was a former officer of the Ghana Armed Forces (former Flight Lieutenant and paratrooper).   As part of his military service, he spent time as a United Nations Peace Keeper in spots such as Rwanda and Sierra Leone where he received United Nations and ECOMOG Peace Medals for services to humanity. As an educator, Nsia-Pepra brings this wealth of experience to the classroom. He is a devout humanitarian helping the needy in Africa.

Quote: “The complexity of robust peacekeeping requires the participation of major powers (Permanent members of the UN Security Council) that have the requisite military capabilities, particularly advanced weapons training, intelligence, mobility, and targeted firepower, to mitigate the risks of robust peacekeeping and effectively execute protective mandates. The support of the SC demonstrates the global community’s commitment to robust missions and enhances the missions’ legitimacy and credibility. This signals to potential violators that the world would not stand by when heinous crimes were committed against innocent civilians and that human rights violations carry real costs.  The support of the SC also boosts the world’s confidence in the UN’s capacity to protect civilians. The major powers must know that in the post September 11 era, the global community faces common threats from weak states. Obviously, it would be naïve on the part of major powers to ignore the relevance of national interests in foreign policy discourse.  However, it would be a strategic blunder to consider some conflicts as “non-existential threats” or “unnecessary wars” because they constitute the fundamental sources of “existential threats” to the major powers.” (UN Robust Peacekeeping, Civilian Protection in Violent Civil Wars

Professional Experience: 


2016-           Visiting Professor, United States Study Abroad Consortium (USAC), University of Ghana

 2014 -         Tenure, Associate Professor, Ohio Northern University

 2014            Visiting Professor, Bluffton University, Ohio 

2012 -2014  Visiting Professor Hanyang University, South Korea,- Summer  International School

2009-2014  Assistant Professor of International Relations/Comparative Politics, Ohio Northern University

2008-2009   Visiting Assistant Professor of International Relations/Comparative Politics, Ohio Northern University

2008             Adjunct Professor, Central Michigan University, Michigan

2008             Adjunct Professor, Macomb Community College, Michigan

2007              Lecturer in Comparative Politics, University of Michigan (Dearborn)

2005-2008   Adjunct Professor, Political Science, Wayne State University

2003-2007   Graduate Research Assistant, Center for Peace and Conflict Studies, Wayne State University

 Armed Forces and International Security and Peacekeeping

1995-1996- United Nations Peacekeeping , United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR)  Duties:

  • Peacekeeping operations
  • Post conflict Peacebuilding
  • Disarmament of conflict parties
  • Observed, investigated and reported on human rights violations and humanitarian crises in areas of operation to the United Nations Headquarters in Kigali
  • Identified potential crises or threats and recommended suggestions to address them before escalation
  • Facilitated the deployment of resources to areas of critical need
  • Facilitated shared analysis and cooperation among agencies and government offices engaged in humanitarian action
  • Negotiated and mediated peace between conflicting parties
  • Coordinated in the resettlement of returnees and internally displaced persons
  • Liaised between United Nations Headquarters and leadership of conflicting parties.

1994-1999   Administration Officer, Air Force Station, Tamale, Ghana

1990-1994   Station Adjutant, Air Force Station, Takoradi, Ghana

  • National security
  • Administration of military service personnel
  • Liaison between the Regional Military Command and the regional administration
  • Coordinated responses to humanitarian crises in the region
  • Participated in consultations on field security and personnel safety and ensured compliance with security measures in areas of operations
  • Wrote reports

2008 Ph. D. Political Science, Wayne State University, USA

  • Qualifying examinations passed with distinction.
  • GPA magna cum laden

Fields of Doctoral Study:

  • Major:  International Relations/Foreign Affairs
  • Minors:  American Political system, Public Policy  and Dispute Resolution

2005 University of Michigan (Ann Arbor)–Additional Course: International Organization and Integration

  • Dissertation Topic: “Robust Peacekeeping? Confronting the Failures of United Nations Traditional Peacekeeping in Preventing Human Rights Violations.”
  • Committee: Profs. Frederic Pearson (Chair), Daniel Geller, Timothy Carter, Osumaka Likaka

2002 Master of Laws, LLM in International Human Rights Law – Essex University, UK

Dissertation: “Legal Analysis of ECOMOG Interventions in Liberia and Sierra Leone- Effects and Future”

1996- Ghana Armed Forces Staff College Junior Division

  • National and international security
  • Military  tactics  and combat
  • military   intelligence
  • administration of personnel

1988- 1990 Ghana Military Academy Officers Training School

  • Commissioned  Air Force Administration officer
  • Military Parachutists
  • Rank (former Flight Lieutenant Army Captain)
  • National and international security
  • peacekeeping
  • Military  tactics  and combat
  • military   intelligence
  • administration of personnel

1986 University of Cape Coast, Ghana

  • B.A. (Honors) Social Science, Geography and sociology combined
  • Diploma in Education (Teaching Certificate) 


Teaching Interests: 

International Relations

Peace and Conflict Studies

International Security

International Organizations and International Law

Human Rights

Comparative Politics

African Political System

Courses Taught:

Introduction to Political Science

Introduction to International Relations

Seminar Civil Wars – Causes and Resolution

Global Society and World Peace

Politics of Wars in Africa

Conflict Analysis and Resolution

International   Law and Organization

Human rights


Model United Nations

Democratization in Africa: Challenges and Prospects

Introduction to  International  studies and world problems

International Relations and Law

Introduction to  Comparative Politics

Developing political systems

Model United Nations

Parliamentary Democracies

Modern African Experience


Politics of the Developing World

Middle East Politics


 2016  Endowed Professorship, Kerman Robson Chair Award in recognition for distinguished and dedicated service by the Trustees, The President, Faculty and Students of Ohio Northern University

2014  Endowed Professorship, Kerman Robson Chair - Award in recognition for distinguished and dedicated service by the Trustees, The President, Faculty and Students of Ohio Northern University

2005-2008   Distinguished Political Science Best International Students’ Fellowship, Wayne State University

1999  Peace Medal ECOMOG Peacekeeping Mission, Sierra Leone

1995 The United Nations Peace Medal, UN Peacekeeping, United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda

Research Interests: 

United Nations Peace Operations

Robust Peacekeeping

Human Rights and Civilian Protection

Accountability for Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes

Good Governance in Africa

Corruption in Africa

US-African Relations

Africa's Collective Security

Post Conflict Peacebuilding

Conflict Analysis and Resolution

Selected Publications: 

United Nations Robust Peacekeeping – Civilian Protection in Violent Civil Wars  , August 7, 2014, Palgrave Macmillan Publishing Press

Commitment or Rhetoric?: Ghana’s Dilemma in Actualizing Anti-Corruption Values in a Flawed Democracy”  submitted to Institute of Economic Affairs  (IEA) Ghana, 2017, pages 60

Book Chapter
Robust peacekeeping: The appropriate operational paradigm to address contemporary United Nations peacekeeping and civilian protection challenges.
Sean Byrne, Thomas Matyok and Dr. Imani Michelle Scott  (eds.) Routledge Companion to the Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies. Routledge (forthcoming 2019)

Peer reviewed Academic Journals

Moral Obligation: The United Nations  Must Not Abandon Vulnerable Civilians During Crisis”, Global Peace Operations Review, Center on International Cooperation,   University of New York, 2017

 “Flawed Democracy: The Bane of Ghana’s Success in Curbing Corruption.”  The Air and Space Power Journal (ASPJ), US Air Force's (USAF), professional journal of the US Air Force, 4th Quarter   (summer), 2017

“Militarization of US Foreign Policy in AfricaStrategic Gain or Backlash?” US Military Review , JanFeb  2014  (A widely cited article and used as course readings in institution such as Georgia State University and University of Bordeaux, France)

“Truth and Justice Establishing Appropriate Mechanism of Accountability for War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity   in Africa.”  The Air and Space Power Journal (ASPJ), US Air Force's (USAF) professional journal of the US Air ForceVol 4, No. 4 4th Quarter,  2013

Robust Peacekeeping? The Panacea for Human Rights Violations”  Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies  Vol. 18, No. 2 Fall 2012 (This widely-cited article is read globally by over 40 institutions in 38 countries)

“Official and Illicit Transfer of Small Arms in South East Asia,” with F. Pearson. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development , Vol. 5 No.1, 2009

Book Review
Global security Watch Kenya, by Donovan C. Chau,  New York: Praeger , 2010;  194 pages., $49.95, US Military Review, March-April 2012

Op-eds: Media
Ghana’s peace depends on  the impartiality of the security services  December 3, 2016

Ghana’s Peace is non-negotiable   Ghanaweb, July  2016

Prof. Nsia-Pepra advises President Mahama | Diasporian News 2014

Let Peace Reign in Ghana Ghanaweb, Chronicle, Myjoyonline,  African Executive , PeaceFM  African Executive 2012

Collective Insecurity?  Critical Diagnosis of  Ghana’s  Position  on the Ivorian Electoral Crisis, Ghanaweb, Chronicle, Myjoyonline,  African Executive , PeaceFM January 23, 2010

Be Conscious of the “African Neocolonialists” and Nudge Them Out Ghanaweb, , PeaceFM African Executive  2010